Current Matupi/Matu’s Politic Context on Chin & National Issue


Author: John Smith Thang 




Here, I would like not to talk much about inside Matupi, because we don’t have much chance or almost nothing reagrding on political, social and religious activities.  Since, almost all activities are impossible to organized due to various restriction on freedom movement in Burma.  Therefore, allow me to exclude it.

In exile, most Matu/Matupi people presents in India, Thailand, Malaysia, US, and Norway, etc. In decades, most of Matu/Matupi people could reached developed countries, since we are on the right track as global/international policies on humanitarian and protection are advancing in this 21st century.  This is one of the points to measure the inter relationship of development in Matu region and Matu/Matupi reaching abroad.   In the mean time, we also have increased in number of educators who graduated from abroad as high as doctorate degrees (PhD) and master degrees (M.A level), as international standards, including increased in numbers of theology graduated from India and other countries, at least in quantity, which also can read as achieving in earning degrees eventhough most of them will not be recognized as secular degress from majority government.  At the same time, many Matu/Matupi gruaduate students inside Burma are also increasing in recent years.  Whatever reason to count on, its benefits all of for Matu/Matupi.  I am quite sure that Matu/Matupi are somewhere in some level of points.  We do also have some capacities, which are undeniable in this 21st century by simply seeing above facts.

The immediate and tremendous development of Matu/Matupi civil society in western Burma (Chin), neighbor chin brothers are becoming unfavorable on us, and mounted jealous, strongly criticize and try to putting Matu/Matupi to part of their “Cho” or other group.  At the same time Hakha try to influence Matu/Matupi people by their Hakha dialect since there is no official Chin language in Burma.  But they still try to mislead the world as “Hakha is Chin language”.  Nevertheless, existing of the Matu/Matupi can not be remove after being granted as township “Matupi Myo Ne” in 1949, which is legitimate in national arena.  Followed up by clearly and completely existing of Matu/Matupi culture & literature in now a day, with self-indigenous rights and strength of Matu/Matupi, shows what we have to be proud for.

In this unfair political climate of Chin or Burma, that is quite sure that nobody will aware of Matu/Matupi affair unless we describe by self.  What Matu people deserve to earned has been denied by various Chin brothers and the military regime play almost the same.  Therefore we have to work for ourself and for our own future.  What we must work for its by raising up political positions of Matu people, expanding development and humanitarian assistance programs for Matu people those who remained at home land as well as who are being taken refugee status in Delhi, Mizoram, Thailand, Malaysia, and other countries.  Therefore, I am humbly asking anyone of you, who has possibility to contribute any valuable things for them from where you are, to step forward.

If Matu fully aware of other Chin tribes’ strategic moves and plans (systematically laying plan and strategic for their future role in Burma’s politic), should Matu prepare for the same.  One of good example is that Hakha which is clever by taking benefit on CNF as their own political party.  By using CNF name in dishonest manner, involves themselves in political engagement with other ethnics in national level and bullying to international communities. They control all key positions in CNF unlawfully and probably share some minor positions to their partner Matu/Matupi people after the origin CNF was collapsed.  It is likely to deduct other Chin tribes to share key positions within CNF in newly formed.  Including Matu/Matupi people, we can see after Benjamin Turing is missing or expelled from CNF.  The current Matu/Matupi people in CNF are showing just in quantities which are as much as 50% at least in paper names.  Unfortunately, most of them are possessing lower rank soldiers, which performs the hardest work in frontier line.  Most of them know nothing much how to play with politic (i.e., drawing strategic plans and preparing fair policies).   As a result, were Matupi soldiers being thrown or expelled from CNF.  In the mean time some of Matu/Matupi soldiers left CNF in their own desire as there are things left which we couldn’t known further reasons.

 In the other hands, partner Hakha may not care much about Matu people leaving CNF, since they have gained Mara against Matu/Matupi.  Mara is being leaded by Paul Sitha, who is performing a great effort to earned support from his Mara handful people with cunning spirits and better skills to mislead international communities.  So he could manage well the unfair politic shows in the name of Southern Chin state, without approval from concern people.  You might witnesses inceasing of Mara folks in CNF, within just a few period of years.  It’s very painful for Matu/Matupi people which they had sacrificed lives and all their possesion to give birth the Chin political forces and later named CNF.  Dr. Val Thang from Matupi, who is one of them founded CNF, left the group due to life threathened by his own creted fellow members.   Now a days, its clear to see that Matu/Matupi people are empty handed, suffering, and totally wasted for what they have sowed with high expectation through CNF.

We should say CNF armed group is one of the important group which engaged in political activities in the name of Chin as well as for the national issue if its followed the fundamental rules.   Also its has capacity at the beginning while it was formed.  Eventhough CNF is established by Matu/Matupi senior people (i.e., Dr. Pu Val Thang (General Secretary), Pu Thlung Loi( Defense) decease, Pu Aung Dun (Information), Pu Cang Peng and other etc.,) after 1988, during the great uprising movement in Burma.  Now it’s likely to disappear  the name of Matu/Matupi from CNF. Concerning about CNF’s policies, upto now, it’s not favor by Chin public since which is not fair any longer for Chin public. The reasons are CNF is controlling by a handful group Hakha and Htanlang as their own house, as well as showing up their attitudes worser than dictator rulers of Burmese military regime.  Compare to CNF, the policy of CNC is much better and  more fair.  Eventhough CNC is not really recognized by majority of Chin-ethnic groups but we can say that CNC is one of the most appropriate for Matu/Matupi people to engage in future politic if they provide enough room for every different tribes and ethnics in its organization. But it has not enough capacity and very weak to organize the Chin people even among those who are in exile, eventhough posessing a good policy.

Recently, CNF declared themselves as conducting Chin National Conference, surely which is party based, organized by themselves without represent from multi chin ethnics. Which is because of the increase of Mara strength in CNF, and the interest of Lai and Zomi.  The main role plays by Mara People Party, which won upon Matu/Matupi in 1990 election (during Matu were under control by outsiders and helpless status quo). Supported by the so called CNLD and ZNC, they openly announced as the have included enough Chin representatives in that Chin National Conference though there was only handful who were the same men from their small den. This conference will continue pretend as to be based for Chin state constitution. They made a draft of state constitution and declared that which is only for state base. On the other hands, neglected Kuki, Lushai and Asho form Chin constitution. The question is why should not we continue to process as the procedure, as well as district or township base representatives? Here is nothing related with parties MPP, ZNC, CNLD.  So it is illogic, bias and not a genuine process in norm of federal democratic system based (That constitution is much more worser than 2008 constitution of the current military regime).  This action had done because its still remain Hakha ethnics’ interest, so they will continue their selfish work as an organization without mentally fit management body. The problem is Matu/Matupi people and the rest minorities ethnics do have nothing role to be participate on ethnics’ role in the future.   Mara, Hakha and their dirty allies tactfully trick upon CNF concerning on Matu/Matupi members and other ethnics.  That Mara people could some how taken an advantage only in “Matupi Myo Ne” with their unfair system, but democratically they are not majority in “Matupi Myo Ne” and never ever represent themselves as Chin by themselves alone. 

Even in exile, Matu/Matupi are largest community from Southern Chin.  Matu/Matupi has capacity to play a leading role in “Matupi Myo Ne” because Matu/Matupi has administration office in their territory, majority ethnics group as well as better capacity within Matupi township itself.  Logicaly, Matu/Matupi is the right to lead from Southern part of Chin state if we have to follow any kind of justice democratic system.

So will it be one of the biggest mistakes if the Chin National Conference is ever recognized and approved to go on the process.  It will also be the beginning of failure or loosing of CNF Matu/Matupi members and Matu/Matupi future in term of political support to CNF. And it will be the beginning of deteriorating Matu/Matupi politic in this century.  Mean while, it’s not only painful for CNF Matu/Matupi members, but also its affected to all Matu/Matupi people and the rest of innoncent Chin ethnics and the people who would like to see justice and fair system in this civilized world.

To be honest, if I must say the truth, CNF Matu/Matupi members have not enough quality regarding on ideology and strategic plans.  Moreover they are stubborn enough not to take the right necessary advise from Matu/Matupi’s educators and seniors people eventhough they are greatly in need.  Therefore it is time, to realize and start working together, and extend cooperation among our Matu as well as all different ethnics in Chin and the whole nationals’ ethnics from Burma.  We should start drawing a proper strategic plans and methods.   Meanwhile, all exile Matu/Matupi people, including CNF members should support by different means of financial and knowledge  to those who work for Matu/Matupi future politic and fair system among different ethnics from Burma.

It’s time to reunite without any personal concern, without family concern, without tribes concern (Cing and Dom, etc.,).  It’s much needed in full scale support from Matu/Matupi from US, Norway, Malaysia, Thailand and India, etc.   The next important things is Matu/Matupi educators’ support are much needed.  They need to play in the main role for the future of Matu/Matupi’s healthy political existence. Therefore, let us not make mistakes again and again.

This article is contributed not for my personal popularity, but because all of we all are needed to know and remind.  At the same time, I feel as my people’s future is miserable.  Still we need a lot of people to work for Matu/Matupi people. Still we are one of the least and lowest development standard in Burma and the world.  This article is written as a part of commitment and humanitarian work as a human being.  Not because of you want it, but because of you are in need.

(1) This author was the lecturer of Chiangmai University (Thailand), and the president of “Matupi Students Union”.
(2) The article was written after a couple of month visited to Mizoram (during May – June 2006).
(3) The article is only for internal circulation.
(4) If required, the article can be translated into Matu, Burmese and Mizo.
(5) Here the author used “Matu/Matupi”; it’s referred to particular Matu and also refers upto “Matupi Myo Ne”.

(6) This articles is quoted from the speech which was deliver by MSU president during Human Rights campaign tour.